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Paper published in Analytical Chemistry by Xinyu Meng et. al.

Date released: 2018-04-02

Title:A Graphene–Silver Nanoparticle–Silicon Sandwich SERS Chip for Quantitative Detection of Molecules and Capture, Discrimination, and Inactivation of Bacteria

Authors:Xinyu Meng, Houyu Wang (co-first author), Na Chen, Pan Ding, Huayi Shi, Xia Zhai, Yuanyuan Su, and Yao He*

Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM) and Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China

Abstract:There currently exists increasing concerns on the development of a kind of high-performance SERS platform, which is suitable for sensing applications ranging from the molecular to cellular (e.g., bacteria) level. Herein, we develop a novel kind of universal SERS chip, made of graphene (G)–silver nanoparticle (AgNP)–silicon (Si) sandwich nanohybrids (G@AgNPs@Si), in which AgNPs are in situ grown on a silicon wafer through hydrofluoric acid-etching-assisted chemical reduction, followed by coating with single-layer graphene via a polymer-protective etching method. The resultant chip features a strong, stable, reproducible surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect and reliable quantitative capability. By virtues of these merits, the G@AgNPs@Si platform is capable for not only molecular detection and quantification but also cellular analysis in real systems. As a proof-of-concept application, the chip allows ultrahigh sensitive and reliable detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), with a detection limit of ∼1 pM. In addition, the chip, serving as a novel multifunctional platform, enables simultaneous capture, discrimination, and inactivation of bacteria. Typically, the bacterial capture efficiency is 54% at 108 CFU mL–1 bacteria, and the antibacterial rate reaches 93% after 24 h of treatment. Of particular note, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus spiked into blood can be readily distinguished via the chip, suggesting its high potential for clinical applications.



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